Museum of 20th Century IT
- 1 Exhibit
- 2 Components
- 2.1 Handspring Visor Deluxe
- 2.2 Amiga 500
- 2.3 Amiga 2500
- 2.4 Amiga 1200
- 2.5 Amiga 3000/UX
- 2.6 Amiga 3000
- 2.7 Apple eMate
- 2.8 Apple Mac SE
- 2.9 Apple Mac SE FDHD
- 2.10 Apple Mac SE/30
- 2.11 Apple Mac LC
- 2.12 Apple PowerBook 160
- 2.13 Apple Mac 7100/66
- 2.14 Apple Mac 7200
- 2.15 Apple Power Mac 8600
- 2.16 Apple Power Mac G3
- 2.17 Apple All In One G3
- 2.18 Apple iMac DV SE
- 2.19 Apple PowerBook G3 Wall Street II
- 2.20 Apple iBook G3
- 2.21 Apple Power Mac G4
- 2.22 Apple Airport Base Station
- 3 Description
- 4 Preparation
- 5 References
- 6 Kudos
- 7 Post-exhibit extras
Alison and Shawn prepared an exhibit of information technology from 1981-2000 for two week, fall 2011, at Hartell Gallery, Cornell U. (Sept 18-30).
To see photos of the exhibit, go to the Museum of 20th Century IT photo gallery.
All sections have a 3'w x 4'h poster with a common header, green type on black stripe, like early terminals. Each poster/pedestal item has a black backdrop. Poster text in a neutral, 20th century font (monospace?).
Apple Design Evolution
- Portable with handle. Monitor over drive. Beveled edges. Facing up 5°. Takes the original Mac design (Mac 128, Mac 512, Mac Plus), adds pinstripes.
- Pizza box, more pin stripes. Also tilted up 5°.
- 7200/7100/Centris 650
- Thicker boxes with slightly rounded face and tail. This design common to many 1992-1999 Macs.
- Large upended box. Touch of color.
- All In One (AIO) G3
- Rounded beige and see-through. Pinstripes replaced by perforation, but that idea begins and ends with this model. It's topologically similar to the classic Mac portables, but too heavy to carry around.
- Very round. Since it's clear, it shows why it's a teardrop on its side, being a smoothing of the shape of the CRT that dominates the interior.
- Bringing round to the tall box. Actually this started with the Bondi Blue G3. The G4 is the same shape but grey.
- iBook G3
- Round and color to the portable market. Establishing that color computers are for the "consumer" oriented lines, while grey/black is for the "professional" user?
- Powerbook G3
- Smooth curves, but without perforations of the AIO or clear plastic of the i-line.
- iMac aesthetically inspired items
- Wacom Graphite
- Harmon Kardon iSub
- USB Floppy—VST
- LaCie USB/FW CDRW
- #Amiga 3000 running:
- Sim Earth
- Deluxe Music?
- G3 Tower
- iMac Graphite
Users can chat with each other in our special chat room or on Amiga World's #aminet channel: irc.amigaworld.net. See chat software.
- SE FDHD 1989
We use an early 1990s version of Filemaker on the SE to keep a guestbook. The program is amazingly similar to the latest versions of Filemaker. Every night we print the guestbook entries for the day using a dot matrix printer and post them next to the computer.
Handspring Visor Deluxe
Minimized materials, but still meeting demand for expandability through externalized components pioneered by Apple and Commodore consumer-level predecessors.
The largest Amiga, a workhorse, with expansion bays for drives and cards.
The portable member of a later generation of Amigas.
Runs Unix or Amiga.
Apple Mac SE
Apple Mac SE FDHD
This is the 1989 introduction of a high density floppy drive and internal hard drive to the portable series. It looks just like all the previous portables, but is much more powerful in that one doesn't need to constantly insert floppies to run programs, but one can use DOS formatted floppies to transfer files to PCs. Also remarkable for a small microcomputer is the expansion slot.
Apple Mac SE/30
Sold for almost $5000 in 1990, including most of the power (excepting graphics) of the desktop box that sold alongside this.
Apple Mac LC
Little pizza box Mac.
Apple PowerBook 160
Apple Mac 7100/66
Apple Mac 7200
Apple Power Mac 8600
Apple Power Mac G3
Apple All In One G3
Apple iMac DV SE
Apple PowerBook G3 Wall Street II
Apple iBook G3
Also see my page on Apple iBook clamshell repair.
Apple Power Mac G4
1999. Advertised as the first supercomputer for consumers, since it crossed the boundary for US limits on exports of powerful computers.
Apple Airport Base Station
1999. Perhaps the pinnacle of expression of the rounded aesthetic, further along the iMac lines.
A multimedia extravaganza featuring the personal collection of two Gen-Xers, this exhibition incorporates functioning computers, slide show viewers, personal computing devices, and visual displays—both print and digital. Information technology devices from 1981-2000 inform this retrospective conversation between design and computing. In this exploration of the physical history of information technology, some objects are classified as cutting edge design or functional innovations; others feature graphic or design software that served as visualization tools. Themes of the exhibition include the history of the Macintosh as a design object, portability, and the Commodore Amiga computers’ tools and software related to visualization, drafting, and music.
- Replace batteries in computers. Old batteries prevent storage in parameter RAM, causing difficult hardware problems. See Amiga#Batteries.
- Replace or repair Mac LC power supply. It's not supplying 5 and 12 V, and it's making a 2Hz click.
- Create list of all computers to display and create floor plan, determine placement, # of power supplies needed.
- Opening or closing reception?
- Posters for advertising show and educational posters for show
- LCD Screen application/ movie
- Scan images from Amiga manuals
- Screen-grab images from Amiga audio/visual/design programs.
- Big Book of Amiga Hardware
- Online encyclopedia with guides to all the Amigas and very many peripherals. http://www.bboah.com/
- Cory Arcangel's Pro Tools
- Nostalgic information technology tools exhibitor Cory Arcangel is described in the short article in New York Magazine. http://nymag.com/print/?/arts/art/features/cory-arcangel-2011-5/index1.html
- Classic Amiga
- A forum, a wiki, and tons of videos of apps. http://www.classicamiga.com/
- "The Apple Macintosh Computer" by Greg Williams, Byte Magazine Feb 1984. http://shawnreeves.net/documents/protected/mac128-ByteMag1984.pdf (protected because of copyright)
- MiniVMac allows users of newer Macs to run a Macintosh Plus in a window on their computer. http://minivmac.sourceforge.net/doc/start.html
- See our notes on running Mini vMac.
- UAE runs Amiga OS on Windows, Linux, and Mac.
- Digibarn, one of many computer museums with excellent, interesting collections. They have a great list of other museums and collections. http://www.digibarn.com/
- Old computers archive:Lots of interesting computers from the seventies and 80s, more than the usual suspects. http://oldcomputers.net/
- The Apple Museum:Anecdotes, pictures, and data. http://www.theapplemuseum.com
- A concise article following the development of GUI with mid-80s Macs and Amigas playing a significant role:http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/taouu/html/ch02s05.html
- Bitnet Relay, the precursor to Internet Relay Chat. I was introduced to Relay by a friend in 1987. http://web.inter.nl.net/users/fred/relay/
- A history of chat, part of a computer course at an Australian U:http://stc.uws.edu.au/etext/week4.htm
- One user's extensive collection in Japan:http://home.k07.itscom.net/jf1dcu/Macintosh_Folder/Macintosh_life.html
- Installing RAM in an Apple SE
- Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
- Low End Mac
- Expansive source for specs and contexts of each Apple computer model. Used by people trying to get the most out of older computers. http://lowendmac.com/
- Info-Mac is one of the few traditional, hierarchical archives of shareware and freeware. http://www.info-mac.org/viewforum.php?f=94
- Aminet is *the* archive for Amiga software. http://aminet.net/
- Drivers for old Mac equipment can be found at the Mac Driver Museum. http://www.macdrivermuseum.net/
- We Are Manufacturing, a video about Apple Macintosh fabrication from Apple Computer, 1989. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dk306ZkNOuc
- Defender of the Crown. A typical game from the early Amiga era. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvW6okgy4wA
- Introduction to the Commodore Amiga 500, 1987, Commodore Business Machines. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVOOcPaJnBA
- The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-line Pioneers by Tom Standage. Walker & Company, 2007
- Computer:A history of the information machine by Martin Campbell-Kelly and William Aspray. Basic Books, 1996.
Thanks to Jonathan Ochshorn for advising us and making it happen officially.
Thanks to Tom at Finger Lakes ReUse Center for helping find iMac peripherals.
Thanks to Andre Hafner and Beth Sprankle at AAP computer services and special facilities for help wrangling a couple Mac SE computers for parts.
Thanks to Meg Elliott for providing an excellent working classic system.
Thanks to Tony Mroczkowski of wrangling computer components.
Thanks to Beth Kunz, AAP events manager for helping organize and plan the space.
Other museums and exhibits
Check out other archives and museums we've found since making ours.
- The Vintage Computer Festival
- Enthusiasts gather in different regions to exhibit vintage computers, which they consider to include anything older than 15 years that wasn't a generic commodity.
- The Atari History Museum and Atari Historical Society
- Folks who worked for Atari give us online access to interesting secret documents, corporate structure, and one-of-a-kind products.
- The Interface Experience: Forty Years of Personal Computing
- A show at the Bard Graduate Center Gallery, Anandale-On-Hudson, New York, 2015.
Art and the Amiga
- The Invisible Photograph, part 2; Trapped—Andy Warhol's Amiga Experiments
- This part of the video series explains how artist Cory Arcangel works with Carnegie Mellon students to resuscitate art created by Andy Warhol on the Commodore Amiga 1000 computer:https://vimeo.com/92583299 and http://www.nowseethis.org/invisiblephoto/posts/108
Articles since found
- Bit Rot: The Limits of Conservation, by Martha Buskirk on June 9, 2014 at Hyperallergic
- A discussion of the preservation of artworks damaged or nigh inaccessible, digital or otherwise.